The light and the brightness of an environment are two different elements that feed on the concept of freshness. There must be a union between the bright colors and lights that reflect and produce a relaxing and welcoming atmosphere. Some rooms might require warm tones while other need to be energetic. Some call for relaxation and good humor and some need to look like a paradise.
Color is the most supple, exciting, immediately noticeable and the least expensive element in decorating. Different color combinations can make the same room seem welcoming or impersonal, warm or cool, restful or stimulating, harmonious or jarring.
Importance of Colors
Color is the most important element when we design any interior. It creates atmosphere, determines mood, and communicates a message about the space that it permeates. It is the dominant vehicle of expression in any interior space.
Characteristics of Colors
In the achromatic color scheme we use non-colors like black & white and their shades.
This color scheme is one in which many shades of a single color are used. This color scheme proves to be simple yet attractive.
This is the simplest of all schemes in which one or two colors are used with black, white or gray.
This scheme permits the use of colors which adjoins each other on the chromatic circle, such as yellow, yellow-green & green.
In this scheme along with analogous scheme we use the color opposite to the middle color of the three adjoining ones.
This color scheme is obtained by mixing three equidistant colors in the chromatic circle. Eg., Red, Blue and Green.
Two colors opposite each other in the chromatic circle such as red & green or blue and orange are used in this color scheme.
The split-complementary color scheme is a variation of the complementary color scheme. In addition to the base color, it uses the two colors adjacent to its complement.
Double Split Complementary:
Double Split Complementary paint color schemes offer a lot of contrast, interest and variety, but the downside is, they can become busy and mismatched if not balanced properly.
Two colors from different segments of the color wheel are contrasting colors. For example, red is from the warm half of the color wheel and blue is from the cool half. They are contrasting colors.
Psychological Effects of colours:
Red is the color of fire and blood, so it is associated with energy, war, danger, strength, power, determination as well as passion, desire, and love.
Orange combines the energy of red and the happiness of yellow. It is associated with joy, sunshine, and the tropics. Orange represents enthusiasm, fascination, happiness, creativity, determination, attraction, success, encouragement, and stimulation.
Yellow is the color of sunshine. It's associated with joy, happiness, intellect, and energy. Yellow produces a warming effect, arouses cheerfulness.
Green is the color of nature. It symbolizes growth, harmony, freshness. Green has a strong emotional correspondence with safety.
Blue is the color of the sky and sea. It is often associated with depth and stability. It symbolizes trust, loyalty, wisdom, confidence, intelligence, faith, truth, and heaven.
Blue is considered beneficial to the mind and body.
Purple combines the stability of blue and the energy of red. Purple is associated with royalty. It symbolizes power, nobility and luxury. Purple is associated with wisdom, dignity, creativity, mystery, and magic.
white is associated with light, goodness, innocence, purity. It is considered to be the color of perfection. White means safety, purity, and cleanliness. As opposed to black, white usually has a positive connotation.
Black is associated with power, elegance, formality, death, evil, and mystery. Black gives the feeling of perspective and depth, but a black background diminishes readability. When designing for a gallery of art or photography, you can use a black or gray background to make the other colors stand out. Black contrasts well with bright colors. Combined with red or orange – other very powerful colors – black gives a very aggressive color scheme.
Why is interior designer needed and what is the difference between an interior designer and a carpenter?
Mostly people think or ask why interior designer is needed when carpenter can do the job.
An interior designer takes into consideration client needs, likes and dislikes of colours, patterns and textures, and creates a perfect design to match the taste and suite client needs. An Interior designer also undertakes arranging the basic layout of spaces, acoustics, lighting in order to balance the harmony and to convert the structure into a ‘home’ or ‘office’.
More than the looks of a building, Interior design is about the functionality and aesthetics of a living space. For example, in the hands of a professional interior designer a small apartment can be transformed into a very specious one where as a huge apartment can become less spacious in the hands of a non-professional.
Carpenters do not design. They only execute the work either based on the picture provided by the client or go with the default design without considering the colour combination and space management.
The profession of Interior Design is relatively new, constantly evolving, and often confusing to the public. It is not an artistic pursuit and relies on research from many fields to provide a well-trained understanding of how people are influenced by their environments.
What is interior design?
Interior designer is where you use your creativity to design your home or office according to the client needs. When you say it is a residential project, an interior designer thinks in a creative manner to understand the needs of the clients to work together to create a dream-home with right planning, colour combination, lighting effects and theme. A designer who works on a residential project is specialized in a particular part of home design, such as kitchen, bathrooms, furniture designing, and ceiling designs.
In commercial interior design, the designer plans the design and space in the office space and building. A commercial design is very vast. Wherever you go or see the commercial building or offices you will come across different plan, concept and design. A commercial project may be a school, bank, office, mall, restaurant or shop. Each commercial building has aspects. People who work in an office require a comfortable space to sit and move around the workstation with good natural light as well as artificial lights. These features are important to create a productive and appealing work environment. The features are project-specific. For example, in a mall the shops are designed with bright colours to attract the crowd.
There are different types of interior designers who are specialized in different fields. Some of the different types of interior designs are:
1. Residential interior design
2. Commercial interior design
3. Hospitality design
4. Healthcare design
5. Universal design
6. Exhibition design
When you look into the history of interior design, there are different types, styles and concepts of interior design such as:
2. British ( Norman Period)
3. Curele ( Stool )
5. Early English Renaissance
7. Baroque Style ( Louis XIV – Regency, Louis XV)
8. Rococo Style